Intact peatlands contribute greatly to climate protection as they store CO2 over the long term. Translated into figures: although bogs cover only three percent of the world’s surface, they contain more than 500 gigatons of carbon in their peat (more than 1,800 gigatons of CO2). That is twice as much as the entire forest biomass in the world (30 percent of land mass).
Road construction, draining and deforestation over the years caused significant changes and, in some cases, the loss of bog habitats. Where the moor is drained, the peat dries out, begins to mineralise and disintegrates. The process not only leads to the loss of a natural environment with unusual plants and animals, but also releases into the atmosphere the carbon dioxide which had been held in the intact bogs. Protection of the bogs, therefore, contributes to climate protection.